Giving tips for people with allergy to the sun is not a simple task, one need to understand the kind of sun allergy that the individual has developed. Allergy occurs when our immune system adversely reacts to normally harmless substances in the environment, which can be some food, drugs or environmental factors. Anything that causes an allergic reaction is called an allergen.
Facts About Sun Allergies
Out of the various environmental factors that cause allergy, Sun is one of the allergens. Sun allergy is triggered due to the reaction of the sunlight on our skin that makes the skin itchy and develops rash. People allergic to the sun may experience hives and blisters that can even reach the skin through the clothes. It usually affects the neck, shoulders, back of our hands, outside skin of the arms and legs. Sun allergy can be of following types:
Different Types Of Sun Allergy
Polymorphous Light Eruption (PMLE)
It is one of the various kinds of sun allergies in which the part of the skin that is directly exposed to sun, appears itchy and develops rash. Women are more prone to this kind of sun allergy. It is rare during winter season, but common in the spring and summer months. It comes back every year during the spring and reaches its peak during this time. But for some people, by the time summer comes, the skin’s continuous exposure to the sun makes it less sensitive and thus the sun allergy may disappear during summer.
Actinic Prurigo (Hereditary PMLE)
It is an inherited form of polymorphous light eruption (PMLE) sun allergy, which is more common amongst people of American Indian background. Symptoms are more concentrated and adverse than that of PMLE. They start showing up during childhood or adolescence. It runs in the family through generations and commonly occurs on the face, especially around the area of lips.
It is yet another form of sun allergy. It develops when the sunlight reacts with a particular chemical present in any cream, sunscreen lotion, perfume, cosmetic, medicated ointment or ingested drug used by a person. It can be triggered by various prescription and non-prescription medicines.
It is a typical kind of sun allergy that generally affects young women. Reaction includes hives and red bumps that develop on the exposed skin.
Sun Allergy Treatments
Prevention from sun-allergy must be done by taking every possible measure to protect your skin from direct sunlight. Here are some tips for people with allergy to sun that can overcome and prevent this allergy. Sunscreen lotion with minimum SPF of 15 must be applied before going out. You can use any good sun block on your lips. Avoid going out in the outdoors when the sun is at its peak. Avoid using sleeveless and short clothes. Make sure you do not use any skin care products, cosmetics and medicines that may activate a photoallergic eruption.
If the prevention doesn’t help and the allergy needs to be treated, then approach medical professionals to take care of the skin by using various prescription and non-prescription medicines and creams. Cortisone creams, corticosteroid cream, oral antihistamines, etc. are commonly used. If the medicine does not work, a treatment called Phototherapy is being done. Tips for people with the allergy to sun can help them live a better life without compromising on the fun and zeal of life.