Thrombosis is also known as deep vein thrombosis and is a term given to the formation of blood clots in the vein. If a person suffers from this problem, the blood flowing in a particular region may either get completely or partially blocked and result in a lot of pain which is generally accompanied by swelling. This kind of a thrombosis is capable of damaging the blood vessel valves and the person may find it difficult to move around.
The major problem with such blood clots is that they can break free and reach the body’s vital organs like the lungs or brain through the way of blood. If this happens, the affected organ may face severe damage and it may also result in instant death of the person.
Thus, it is very important to treat these blood clots at the earliest and ensure that they are contained in the place where they first occur. There are many ways to treat blood clots. The type of treatment that is given to a patient depends entirely on the location of the thrombosis or the blood clot.
It is quite difficult to understand the signs and symptoms of deep vein thrombosis as many people show no particular signs even after suffering from the problem for a long time. Some symptoms occur suddenly and may create a lot of problem for the individual. It is very important to understand each of the symptoms in detail and it is strongly advisable to inform your doctor and consult him immediately, on facing the symptoms.
Symptoms Of A Thrombosis
The skin of a person suffering from thrombosis remains quite warm when compared to others and this warmness increases at night. The person should wear loose piece of clothing’s in such a situation. He can take cold water showers to relieve themselves slightly.
If the legs get affected due to the deep vein thrombosis, they may become discolored and turn red, white or blue in colour.
Inflammation may also be seen in many cases. This happens because the blood is unable to pass through the blocked vein and gets directed to the outer veins. The veins also become visible on the surface of the skin.
If deep vein thrombosis affects the leg of a person, it makes him feel extremely tired and fatigued at all times. The person’s legs feel extremely heavy and he wishes to rest all day long in bed, without doing anything stressful.
Another common symptom of thrombosis is that the person gets a lot of leg cramps from time to time and these cramps increase at night. He may not be able to get a sound sleep due to the cramps.
It is advisable to sleep with your legs raised above your heart level to reduce the cramps greatly. You can keep 3 to 4 pillows under your legs when you go to sleep at night so that they remain raised and the cramps do not occur frequently.
Pain in Chest
If the thrombosis travels up to the heart, the person may experience severe pain in his chest which may extend down to the left arm. This may be accompanied with breathlessness and the person may start sweating. On noticing such symptoms, the patient should be rushed to the hospital immediately or he may get a heart attack which may cause death.
Sharp Chest Pain
If the lungs of an individual get affected due to thrombosis, then the first symptoms which are seen are that of a sharp chest pain along with the pulse rate of the person increasing rapidly. Other symptoms include coughing out blood at times, sweating under normal conditions and running high fever for long hours.
These symptoms are reason enough to hospitalize the patient under the emergency section of a hospital or he may not be able to survive for long. Such patients experience breathlessness and may have to be given artificial oxygen to help them breathe.
There are certain symptoms which imply that the thrombosis has started affecting the abdominal region of the individual. The person may feel a lot of pain in the abdominal region and may vomit at times without taking in a proper diet.
He may also get diarrhea and lose a good amount of weight. Even after the treatment starts and the person gets proper care and attention, the abdominal pain may take a lot of time to subside. He may not be able to eat all types of food and may have to stay on a liquid diet for some time.
The most common and earliest type of symptom is the swelling of either one or both the legs of the person facing thrombosis on his leg region.
This swelling is usually more around the calf area. The swelling may increase to such an extent that the person may not be able to walk around and may be confined to the bed completely.
Pain and Tenderness
Along with the swelling, the person may also experience a lot of pain and tenderness in one or both the legs. This pain generally increases if the person has been standing or sitting for a really long time or tries to bend his foot.
No amount of painkillers is able to provide relief from the pain and it is strictly advised not to consume them in such kind of a pain as they can prove to be harmful for the body. If a person takes a lot of bed rest and does not perform any strenuous activities for a long time, he may get temporary relief from the pain.
Disturbance in Vision
If a person has problems in seeing things clearly, feels very weak most of the time and has trouble in speaking properly and clearly, these may signify that the blood clot is traveling up to the brain. These symptoms may or may not be accompanied by seizures. If such a patient is not given medical care and treatment quickly, he may suffer from a severe brain stroke which may damage his brain extensively.