Most low back pain is triggered by more than one cause. A combination of health hazards such as over strained muscles, injured muscle ligaments, disc irregularities result in lower back pain.
In most cases, a pain in lower back signals some damage done to the spinal system. If left untreated, injury and re-injury that happens to the lower back jeopardize the entire spinal structure. Once thrown out of balance, it is difficult to harmonize the spinal configuration. Spinal deformities, including curvature problems, also lead to low back pain in some people.
Symptoms Of Lower Back Pain
- Difficulty moving that can be severe enough to prevent walking or standing
- Pain that also moves around to the groin, buttock or upper thigh, but rarely travels below the knee
- Pain that tends to be achy and dull
- Muscle spasms, which can be severe
- Local soreness upon touch
Causes Of Lower Back Pain
Osteoarthritis is yet another reason for lower back pain. This is a common disorder found among the older generation. Osteoarthritis generally affects the small facet joints of the spine. When other body joints such as hips are affected with osteoporosis, the person is forced to limp as he walks. Limped leg causes strain in the lower back region and in that case also, pain is resulted in this region.
Radiculopathy is a condition caused by compression, inflammation and/or injury to a spinal nerve root. Pressure on the nerve root results in pain, numbness, or a tingling sensation that travels or radiates to other areas of the body that are served by that nerve. Radiculopathy may occur when spinal stenosis or a herniated or ruptured disc compresses the nerve root.
Spondylolysis and other related vertebral defects also leads to severe back pain as one vertebra tends to slide over another when engaged in certain strenuous activities. Vertebral fractures caused by accidents cause severe blow to the spine. In such cases also the spine gets compressed leading to heavy lower back pain.
Compression fractures are the most common cause of low back pain among postmenopausal women. This complaint is mostly found in women suffering from osteoporosis. Both men and women are likely to develop back pain due to the long-term use of corticosteroid. People suffering from osteoporosis should be extremely cautious not to exert even minimal force on the spine. Even a sneeze is enough to result in compression fracture in osteoporosis patients.
Other Main Reason
Pelvic inflammatory diseases, aortic aneurysm, gallbladder and urinary disorders, prostrate irregularities etc are some of the other body ailments that also cause pain in the region around the lower back. Bacterial infection is yet another cause of lower back pain. In this case, infectious bacteria get carried to the spinal column through the bloodstream from some other part of the body.
Egenerative Disc Disease
Lumbar degenerative disc disease can affect patients as young as 20. When the lumbar discs between the vertebrae begin to break down, the damaged disc can cause both inflammation and slight instability in the lower back, bringing about pain, muscle spasms, and sometimes sciatica.
Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal column that puts pressure on the spinal cord and nerves that can cause pain or numbness with walking and over time leads to leg weakness and sensory loss.