Foot ulcers, infections and gangrene are some of the most common problems that diabetic patients face and may also have to be hospitalized if the problem is too severe and complicated. Amongst these the most common are foot ulcers which can prove to be quite painful and hamper your day to day activities such as walking or moving around.
It is advisable to care for the ulcer and treat it at the earliest to avoid further complications. There are many ways to care for a diabetic foot ulcer which has developed on the patient’s foot and is causing him/her a lot of distress and pain.
Tips To Take Care Of Diabetic Foot Ulcer
Examining the ulcers
Your foot ulcers should be examined everyday and especially after you have faced any trauma or injury, no matter how small it is. Any kind of abnormality or excess pain should be reported to your doctor without delay. The ulcer may worsen and create problems if left untreated.
Daily Care Tips
Apply a moisturizer on your foot everyday so that it does not become dry and cracks are unable to develop near the ulcers. Do not apply the moisturizer between the toes.
It is advisable to wear woolen or cotton socks at all times except at night so that your feet stay protected. Hosiery and elastic socks should be avoided as they may interfere in the proper blood circulation in the feet.
Keep your house neat and clean and place all the things in their respective places. This will help you to avoid objects in the way, over which you may trip and fall or bump into, causing injury to your feet and worsening the existing ulcer. All the pathways inside and outside your house should be well-illuminated at night.
Trim your Toe Nails
In order to cut or trim your toe nails, use a safety clipper instead of a pair of scissors. The nails should be cut straight and try to leave some room near the nail bed so that no infection can take place. Avoid using the clipper near the ulcers.
Some diabetic patients may face some difficulty with their vision or their hands may be a little unstable. In such cases, it is better to ask a family member to cut the nails instead of doing it by yourself.
Footwear can make a lot of difference when caring for a diabetic foot ulcer. Buy shoes or footwear that has a front which is quite broad so that your toes get all the space that they need.
Avoid shoes with heels as they exert pressure on your feet. Your doctor may advise you to wear a special shoe or put a cast on your foot so that no pressure is exerted on the ulcer.
Removal of Hard Skin
Sometimes, the skin around the ulcer becomes quite hard and stiff and does not allow the ulcer to heal. This kind of a skin may have to be removed by your doctor. If the ulcer is below your foot and is large in size, then the doctor may use some padding in the affected area to take off the pressure from there and prevent any further injury from taking place.