Fibrocystic breast disease is a noncancerous condition in which a woman has painful lumps in her breasts.
Over 50 percent of women will develop fibrocystic breast disease at some point in their lives.
Redness on the breasts, nipple indentations or flattening, and certain types of discharge may be signs of breast cancer.
Fibrocystic breast changes occur most often in women in their 20s to 50s. Rarely do postmenopausal women experience fibrocystic breast changes, unless they’re on hormone therapy.
Reason Of Fibrocystic Breast
A large portion of breast is composed of tiny glandular breast tissue meant for milk secretion. During the onset of menstrual period the level of estrogen and progesterone fluctuates dramatically that cause the breast tissues swell enormously.The swollen tissues retain fluid and get blocked to appear as balloon like painful masses called cysts. The condition might get resolved after the menstruation, when breast returns to their normal position. They are also more commonly found in case of women wearing tight and improper under garments.
Signs and Symptoms of Fibrocystic Breast
Thickening of Breast Skin
Thickening of breast skin is also seen commonly. Some women with fibrocystic breast also complain of nipple discharge which is rare. This condition is sometimes hereditary in nature so those women who have a family history of this problem should remain more vigilant.
Breast self examination, mammogram and ultrasonograph are some of the effective methods to diagnose these problem which also rule out any chances of their malignancy.
Swelling of The Breast
Swelling of the breast with a feeling of heaviness in it. Appearance of fibrous tissues is common along with lump or nodular masses on the breast surface. They are of different sizes.
They are more profoundly seen near the upper and outer region of the breast rather than the lower region, for example area close to the armpit.
The tender lumpy mass might found alone or in multiple numbers at one place. Sometimes they are so small that they cannot be felt but in other case they might extend up to a few inches in diameter, which is rare. On touching these lumps, they may feel like tender or rubber like mass either solid or fluid filled.
Fibrocystic breast condition can lead to relentless or sporadic pain in the breast, along with discomfort, which is very pathetic.
The symptom of fibrocystic breast is closely associated with hormonal fluctuation during menstruation, when symptoms become more severe. In most cases condition returns to normal after the period is over.
These tender cysts or lumps are movable that means they tend to change their place and move freely over the breast which proves that they are benign in nature because free movement is not found in case of cancerous lumps.
Common Signs and Symptoms of Fibrocystic Breasts May Include:
- Breast lumps or areas of thickening that tend to blend into the surrounding breast tissue
- Generalized breast pain or tenderness
- Breast lumps that fluctuate in size with the menstrual cycle
- Green or dark brown nonbloody nipple discharge that tends to leak without pressure or squeezing
- Breast changes that are similar in both breasts
- Monthly increase in breast pain or lumpiness from midcycle (ovulation) to just before your period