More than 26 million American adults are living with kidney disease and most don’t know it. “There are a number of physical signs of kidney disease, but sometimes people attribute them to other conditions. Also, those with kidney disease tend not to experience symptoms until the very late stages, when the kidneys are failing or when there are large amounts of protein in the urine. This is one of the reasons why only 10% of people with chronic kidney disease know that they have it,” says Dr. Joseph Vassalotti, Chief Medical Officer at the National Kidney Foundation.
Signs of kidney damage should ring an alarm bell in any sensible man or woman. Kidney is one of the most important organs that a human body has and it is very important that it functions correctly right through your life. So it is important to find out if anything wrong is going on in the kidney.
Symptoms Of Kidney Damage
Change in Urination Pattern
This is probably the earliest but often ignored symptom. In the early stages, one may have to urinate frequently and even wake up in the night for the purpose. The urine may turn foamy and then the frequency of urination may decrease. The color also changes to darker shades and in the long run may contain blood. Then you may feel it difficult to urinate and find yourself putting extra pressure to relieve yourself. Even after that you will not get the comfort of relieving completely.
This is a symptom that one often relates to other conditions like diabetes and anemia. But a person with failing kidneys can also feel this. This happens because kidney produces a hormone called erythropoietin which controls the production of red blood cells. As it gets produced in less quantity, the production of red blood cells, the oxygen carriers, also gets reduced. Thus reduced oxygen level brings in fatigue
The most common causes of CKD do not cause any pain. And, much of the pain that is near the kidneys is not caused by a kidney problem. But some people who have CKD do have pain.
Some people with kidney problems may have pain back (where the kidneys are) or on the same side as the affected kidney.Polycystic kidney disease (PKD), which causes large, fluid-filled cysts on the kidneys and sometimes the liver, can cause pain.Kidney infections and kidney stones can cause severe pain, often in spasms.Bladder infections can cause burning when you urinate.People who have medullary sponge kidney say it is painful.
Dry and itchy skin
Healthy kidneys do many important jobs. They remove wastes and extra fluid from your body, help make red blood cells, help keep bones strong and work to maintain the right amount of minerals in your blood. Dry and itchy skin can be a sign of the mineral and bone disease that often accompanies advanced kidney disease, when the kidneys are no longer able to keep the right balance of minerals and nutrients in your blood.
Weight Loss, Nausea and Vomiting
When the build up of waste within the body gets to serious amounts, the person may feel like vomiting and experience nausea. Loss of appetite is common under these circumstances and the person may also feel that food is getting a metallic taste. As a result of losing appetite, the person will start to lose weight. He or she may also get bad breath.
having trouble sleeping
When the kidneys aren’t filtering properly, toxins stay in the blood rather than leaving the body through the urine. This can make it difficult to sleep. There is also a link between obesity and chronic kidney disease, and sleep apnea is more common in those with chronic kidney disease, compared with the general population.
Shortness of Breath and Chill
Shortness of breath is natural fallout of gradual degradation of kidney functions. As the production of red blood cells slow down, the supply of oxygen in the body diminishes resulting in shortness of breath. However, shortness of breath can also occurs if fluid starts building up in the lungs as a result of poor drainage of body fluid, especially urine. Moreover, production of fewer red blood cells can result in anemia and the person may feel cold even in normal, warm conditions. Loss of concentration can also occur for the same reasons as the brain gets lesser supply of oxygen.
Pain in The Leg
This is the extreme condition when the patient feels pain on the flanks and legs on the side of the damaged kidney. This pain can result from polycystic kidney disease where large fluid filled cysts appear on the kidney.
Shortness of Breath
Trouble catching your breath can be related to the kidneys in two ways. First, extra fluid in the body can build up in the lungs. And second, anemia (a shortage of oxygen-carrying red blood cells) can leave your body oxygen-starved and short of breath.