Cellulitis, or erysipelas, is a bacterial skin infection that happens in both children and adults. In most cases, the skin infection is caused by streptococcal or staphylococcal bacteria. It frequently occurs from a skin injury, such as a cut, insect sting, animal bite, or scratching from eczema or chicken pox. It also may occur when children have problems with their immune systems. Cellulitis is not contagious.
Cellulitis can be caused due to a host of bacteria like staphylococcus, streptococcus and haemophilus which enters the deep layers of the skin through cuts on the surface of the skin. Cellulitis is more common in babies and elderly people and those with compromised immune system.
The condition can be dangerous in babies, especially when it manifests around the eyes and face which can lead to optic nerve damage and meningitis.
Symptoms of Cellulitis in Babies
The symptoms of cellulitis include swelling on the affected area followed by redness, pain, tenderness of the skin etc. The skin may also have small blister like appearances along with the swelling which is warm to touch. The rash can spread fast and can lead to inflammation of lymph node as well. The infection will be accompanied by fever and chills too when it becomes severe.
Dangers of Cellulitis in Babies
Cellulitis in babies can be very dangerous and must be treated with antibiotics immediately as it can lead to life threatening situations. This is especially important when the cellulitis appears on the face. Facial cellulitis can lead to meningitis of the brain which can be fatal. The bacteria can affect the cells, muscles of the body and bones if left untreated and can lead to gas gangrenes and amputations as a possible last resort to save the baby’s life.
Treatment of Cellulitis in Babies
When the symptoms of cellulitis are diagnosed early enough, they can be treated with antibiotics so that the infection can be cleared fast without causing dangerous conditions for the baby. Normally a course of 7-10 days of antibiotics is administered for removing the infection. In the case of severe cellulitis, the baby will be required to be hospitalised and treatment will require antibiotics to be administered intravenously to prevent complications.
Home Remedies for Cellulitis in Babies
Though cellulitis is babies cannot be taken lightly and natural treatment methods alone administered, they can still be used in conjunction with antibiotics for soothing the skin of the baby and preventing possible recurrence. This however must be done only after consulting with the physician who is treating the baby.
Turmeric is a powerful natural antibiotic and antiseptic to prevent and treat cellulitis. Its active ingredient curcumin also provides anti-inflammatory benefits.
Calendula powder can be applied on the wound of the baby to accelerate the healing process. However, make sure that the physician is aware of this.
Pineapple is another one among home remedies for cellulitis infection that people should try at home right from today. In fact, pineapple has an enzyme known as bromelain which can help to cure cellulitis fast and effectively. You should add pineapple to your daily meal to cure cellulitis prevent it as well because this is one of the best home remedies for cellulitis for people at all ages.
Babies have low immunity and hence much care has to be taken while bringing them up. Always ensure that they are clean, especially if they have nicks and cuts on their body. Make sure that the cuts remain well cleaned and dressed. Protect them from mosquito and insect bites which too can lead to bacterial infections and cellulitis. Take utmost care to prevent bacterial infections as cellulitis in babies can be fatal.
Application of honey on the open wound will help the wound to help faster and provide a protective barrier around the wound to prevent other bacterial infection.
Oil of Oregano
Being nature’s antibiotic, oil of oregano is another effective home remedy for cellulitis. It contains phenolic compounds like carvacrol and thymol with antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory qualities.
Neem belongs to the “Meliaceae’’ family. Neem leaf juice could be used to apply to cure the animal/insect bites and skin wounds. Consuming neem leaf juice diluted with water regularly could also help to relieve your cellulitis symptoms.