Cancer is a class of diseases in which abnormal cells multiply and divide uncontrollably in the body. These abnormal cells form malignant growths called tumors. Throat cancer refers to cancer of the voice box, the vocal cords, and other parts of the throat, such as the tonsils and the oropharynx. Throat cancer is not a frequently used term, but it is one of the kinds of cancer involving parts of mouth and throat. The first instance of throat cancer starts below the tongue’s base that is characterized with pain and redness of skin. Normally, it is termed as Oropharyngeal cancer that starts from tongue, tonsils and tissues available nearby. It also spreads widely towards palate and either side of the throat causing medical complications. Moreover, physicians have termed this tongue infection as insidious, as it doesn’t cause any pain sensation until the cancer cells get into a very advanced stage.
Cause Of Throat Cancer
UV Radiation From the Sun
People who work directly under the sunlight for a longtime have a high risk quotient of getting throat cancer. Ultraviolet radiation from sun has the tendency of forming cancer cells in and around lips, which spreads locally in affecting the throat and tongue.
Exposure to asbestos
Another important cause of throat cancer is exposure to asbestos, which is a major factor in troubling the health status of an individual. This asbestos doesn’t cause cancer cells immediately, but acts slowly and steadily that brings the cancer to a person without any warnings.
In a few cases, people who use low weight-age of fruits and vegetables as a part of their diet have a high risk of throat cancer. Epstein-Barr virus infection and Plummer-Vinson syndrome are other diseases that have stains of causing throat cancer.
Smoking & Consumption of Alcohol
Throat cancer is usually common among people who smoke and drink frequently. Consuming alcohol alone doesn’t have any serious impact in forming cancer cells, but using it along with smoking creates high chances of throat cancer in an individual. This activity initially leads to Douglas’s cancer type, which can develop into oropharyngeal throat cancer. There are reports that this cancer is gender-oriented and it generally affects men, who have high exposure to it. Hence, it is important for men to be careful and take proper precautions against this cancer type.
Chewing Pan Masalas and Betel Nut
There are a few individuals who use pan masalas and betel nut frequently, which can develop the cancer cells in their body. Mucosa carcinoma type of cancer is normally caused by using these items that are affecting the throat and cheeks.