Causes Of Diabetic Seizures


Many people all over the world suffer from diabetes. It can cause many complications and severe problems if proper care is not taken. Diabetes can cause seizures, which is a serious condition and may even result in death depending upon the severity of the problem. When your body gets mixed up signals from the brain, it can result in a diabetic seizure. Low or high blood sugar levels, as well as other problems, can also cause diabetic seizures.

However, different types of seizures may cause different types of symptoms, and many times the cause may be unknown. During a diabetic seizure, a person may not even be aware of what is happening. It is important to get medical help if you do not know how to handle the problem as this can even lead to death of the patient.

Symptoms Of Diabetic Seizures

  • Sweating
  • Clamminess
  • Drowsiness
  • Confusion
  • Bodily shakes
  • Hallucinations
  • Rapid and unexpected emotional changes
  • Weakness in the muscles
  • Anxiety
  • Vision changes
  • Loss of ability to speak clearly

Causes Of Diabetic Seizures

Brain Swelling

Diabetic ketoacidosis is a complication in which people suffering from diabetes develop metabolic disturbances and the blood becomes highly acidic due to high levels of glucose and ketones in it. This can result in brain swelling and cause diabetic seizures. Young children are especially prone to develop brain swelling as a complication of diabetes. Immediate medical attention is required for this life-threatening condition.

Nonketotic Hyperosmolar Syndrome

A metabolic complication of diabetes, Nonketotic hyperosmolar syndrome occurs in many people suffering from type 2 diabetes. The blood sugar levels become very high and extreme dehydration is noticed in the patient. The affected person may experience symptoms like confusion, drowsiness and disorientation. Diabetic seizures can occur in people suffering from Nonketotic hyperosmolar syndrome for which immediate medical attention is required as it can be fatal.

Electrolyte Imbalances

If proper medication and care is not taken to control diabetes, it can result in electrolyte imbalances that can trigger diabetic seizures. One such electrolyte imbalance is high serum sodium that can cause seizures. It can result in a condition called cerebral edema in which water floods in the brain. The high pressure on the brain may lead to seizures.

Low Blood Sugar

Diabetics take insulin and other diabetes medications to control their blood sugar levels. However, they may develop low blood sugar at times, which is a condition known as hypoglycemia. The brain needs adequate glucose to function properly, and the low levels of glucose in the blood can lead to diabetic seizures. If proper medical care is not given, the patient may even go into coma and die.

High Blood Sugar

It is very important to control your blood sugar levels if you have been diagnosed with diabetes. If you miss taking your diabetes medicines, the insulin levels in your blood may drop and result in high blood sugar levels. This condition is known as hyperglycemia and can cause diabetic seizures due to the imbalance in the brain. High sugar levels overexcite the neurons in the brain and can result in a seizure.

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