Rosacea is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition characterized by reddened areas on the face and may involve formation of lesions and pustules.
If left untreated, it can get progressively severe. It typically begins as redness on certain areas of the face, especially the central part including the cheeks, nose and forehead. It is often mistaken with other skin conditions or disorders such as acne, skin allergies or eczema.
There is no existing cure for Rosacea but treatment can help reduce severe signs and symptoms. Fair skinned women between the ages of 30 to 50 are most likely to develop this disorder though men show more severe symptoms.
The cause of rosacea is unknown, but it could be due to a combination of hereditary and environmental factors. Rosacea is not caused by poor hygiene.
A number of factors can trigger or aggravate rosacea by increasing blood flow to the surface of your skin. Some of these factors include:
- Hot drinks and spicy foods
- Temperature extremes
- Sunlight or wind
- Drugs that dilate blood vessels, including some blood pressure medications
Treatments of rosacea
Using antibacterial washes, topical creams, lotions and gels can reduce the aggravation to a considerable extent.
Treatment is not curative, it is rather implementative in reducing the symptoms related to the disease such as itching, burning and tenderness and reduction in the intensity of flares and number of lesions.
Treatment differs according to the severity of the condition and sub types associated with it. In non-severe cases, normally a doctor would recommend using antibacterial face washes, sunscreens and lotions to improve the quality of skin.
Oral antibiotics like erythromycin and tetracycline are anti-inflammatory in nature and help to suppress the symptoms to a fairly greater extent. Intense pulsed light and photodynamic therapy is often used to cure aggravated symptoms. Acne and wrinkle treatments such as microdermabrasion and chemical peels and high dosages of tretinoin and benzoyl peroxide trigger Rosacea.
Photodynamic therapy uses topical photo sensitizer liquid that is applied to the skin and a light to activate the liquid. This treatment has proven effective in reducing appearance of lesions and redness. Glycolic acid peels have dramatically known to improve skin conditions in Rosacea affected people.
These peels are professionally applied for 5 minutes every 2 to 3 weeks. Mild stinging, itching or burning occurs in some cases. A major disadvantage of this chemical peel is that it is not suitable for people having extremely sensitive skin as they may not be able to tolerate this treatment.