There’s no question that 40 is a milestone birthday. It’s a midlife point—a time to reflect. The age of menopause is ideally around 50 years, but still a lot of women reach menopause nowadays in their forties. The symptoms of menopause start very early. Some women without having the assurance of menopause end up getting pregnant.
A woman getting pregnant in her forties is quite dangerous; her health is not really in the state to undergo such a major hormonal change in the body. Women over forty have a very strong chance of developing pregnancy induced diabetes which causes problems during birth, both for her and the child too.
So after getting to know the problems, let’s discuss ways to prevent pregnancy after forty years of age. The most obvious way of avoiding a pregnancy post forty years of age or whenever you have decided that you don’t want children is getting a surgery done. Generally a woman undergoes a family planning operation in which the fallopian tube is tied or burnt so that the eggs don’t travel and reach the uterus.
Also women in this age are more prone to PIH which is pregnancy induced hypertension which can be fatal for the child and mother. These women are most prone to giving still births; also the placenta is generally very low in women over forty which can cause hemorrhage of the baby. The chances of miscarriages are also highest in these women; babies could also be born with some abnormalities.
Post this surgery women experience a lot of gynecological problems and it is suggested strongly that among a couple the male should undergo surgery as it is a very minor surgery and does not require any bed rest comparitively. The patient gets back to normal immediately and the surgery involves only a small cut.
Rings and patches
Other estrogen-based birth control options include NuvaRing, which is inserted into the vagina like a diaphragm with a three-weeks-on-one-week-off schedule; and Ortho Evra, a skin patch embedded with hormones.
IUDs are small, long-acting, T-shaped plastic devices that are inserted into the uterus to prevent pregnancy and can remain in place for several years.Two kinds are available: the copper IUD that contains no hormones and hormonal IUDs.
Birth control pills
Birth control pills are also an option. There are quite a few available in the market and a woman must consult a gynecologist especially the one in her forties. Some pills cause clotting etc, and affect the heart functioning majorly. Not every birth control pills suit every woman, so it is important to find out with the doctor that which will suite them etc.
Apart from this the pills shall be taken religiously and should have a fixed routine to consume them. If some day the pill is missed then the instructions should be followed which are always given along with the pills to get back into the routine cycle. By the time a woman reaches the age of forty, she generally develops some medical problem which could be minute or major.
These options include the injection Depo-Provera, the matchstick-sized rod Implanon and the IUD Mirena. All use the hormone progestogen to prevent pregnancy, and all can be used for months (Depo-Provera) or years (Implanon and Mirena).
Not every woman’s medical history can allow usage of birth control pills. It is very important to consult your specialist and a gynecologist before starting the usage of pills.