A black eye is technically a haemorrhage around the eye. The typical symptoms of a black eye are swelling and tenderness of the eye area. There is prominent discolouration around the eye area, and the eye turns blue, black and purple.
A black eye could be the result of a punch or an injury to the eye or the area surrounding the eye. As ghastly as it looks, it is not very serious and responds well to treatment.
The colour gradually changes to a sallow, yellow colour as the eye heals and becomes better. Two consecutive black eyes are a matter of concern. They could indicate a more serious head injury or a skull fracture.
The typical symptoms of a black eye are swelling, pain, tenderness around the eye and blurring of vision, which is an uncommon symptom. Here are some of the recommended treatment modalities for a black eye.
Tips To Treat Black Eyes
Apply Ice Pack on affected area
If you have developed a black eye, the first step is to ice the area. Wrap some ice in a thin muslin cloth and apply this pack on the eye region. This will immediately bring down the swelling and the inflammation in the eye region. Keep applying ice throughout the day until you see a noticeable difference.
Keep Your Head Elevated
It is very important to keep the head elevated. This will reduce the blood flow to the affected area. Lie down on two pillows so that your head is at a height.
Take pain medications if the pain gets to be excruciating and unbearable. Consult a doctor for prescription, as it is not wise to pop pills indiscriminately.
Go to the Doctor
It is wise to see a doctor who will check you for any serious injury to the eye. For example, damage to the cornea can result in blindness and difficulties in vision.
Also, allow the doctor to check you for serious head injuries or concussions, which can complicate the problem. These could include some tests like x-rays and CT scans.
Do not Apply Pressure
It is very important to not touch the eye area especially the eyeball. Do not apply pressure to the eyeball. Eyes are delicate and pressure on them could lead to a ruptured nerve or vessel.
Clean the Cuts
If there are cuts or injuries to the eye area, make sure you clean them with soap, water and an antiseptic solution. Show it to a doctor if there is a severe laceration.
A black eye is nothing to worry about. In most cases, it heals on its own within 5-6 days. However, in cases of skull fractures and head injuries, further treatment will be required. This could include certain diagnostic tests, which would help to ascertain the extent of the injury to the eye.
If you are embarrassed about your black eye, wear goggles or sunglasses, which will help to effectively hide it until it heals. In the meantime, continue treating the eye with the above remedies until the black eye heals on its own.
Arnica will also help heal the eye muscles and any other tissue that may have been damaged. Arnica is an herb that can reduce the swelling that often occurs with a black eye.
Begin using arnica as soon as possible to prevent the bruise from getting worse. Arnica is available in topical creams or ointments, as well as in oil form, that can be applied on the affected area two to three times a day.