Infections caused by staphylococci are some of the most contagious conditions. There many different strains of staphylococcus that causes different infections with a varying degree of severity.
Most of these infections manifest as skin problems, whereas in more severe cases the bacteria enters the blood stream. A few of the treatment options available are:
Treatment Options For Staph Infection
This is one the of the most common treatment options in case of skin infections in the form of boils or blisters. These boils or blisters contain pus or blood which oozes out when they burst open.What a doctor does is that he/she drains the infectious fluid with the help of a sterile needle or scalpel. This reduces the tendency for spreading and further infection. However, one must be extremely careful so as to reduce the risk of spreading the infection. A local anesthesia may be used on the infected portion before the procedure is done, to numb the area and reduce sensitivity.
These are quite useful for topical application. These can be used in place of oral antibiotic drugs. These creams can be used for infections on the face too. However, one must exercise extreme caution while using these creams on the face. This is because if it comes in contact with the mouth or the eye, it can cause severe harm. These can be used in case of infections cause be staphylococci other than MRSA.
Oral antibiotic or pills are normally given to combat infection in the body. Doctors always advise the patients to complete the entire dosage and not to abandon the antibiotic course midway. This is important so as to completely destroy the presence of microbes in the body and reduce the risk of any dormant microbe becoming active again.
Some common antibiotics that are administered include bactrim, dicloxacillin, clindamycin, nafcillin, or cefazolin. However, if the infection is caused by the MRSA strain of bacteria, then a different set of antibiotics have to be used. Some of these antibiotics are linezolid, rifampin and vancomycin. There are many other drugs too that can be given. Often the drugs are given in a combination or singularly depending upon the type of infection.
Removal Of Device
Sometimes the bacteria can enter the blood stream and infect internal organs. This condition is called bacteremia. In this case, even surgically implanted devices inside the body are at a risk. So the best way to avoid any danger to the patient is to remove either the device from the body before it malfunctions. Examples include a pacemaker or artificial limbs.
Prevention is always better than cure. Staphylococcal infections are highly contagious and hence one must be very careful while meeting infected persons or moving in crowded public areas. One must always cover open wounds or cuts as these can easily be infected. Also, the best way to avoid getting contracted with any kind of infection is to practice good hygienic habits. Always wash hands and other areas thoroughly with soap or washing alcohol after coming in contact with any contaminated surfaces.