The Type 2 or Insulin-Resistant diabetes is a chronic disease among adults. Another name of type 2 diabetes is Diabetes Mellitus. It is a hereditary disease and hence runs in families. It is common among patients over the age of 40. However, recent studies have shown the existence of type 2 diabetes among adults, even below the age of 40.
Our body cells maintain a fixed level of glucose through the allowance of a hormone named, insulin, which is secreted by the pancreas. Insulin determines the entry of glucose inside the cells. Glucose acts as the fuel for cells to survive and keep working. However, with the onset of Diabetes Mellitus, the cells become resistant towards insulin. This increases the level of glucose in blood.
In the initial stage the pancreas generates more insulin to equate the blood sugar level but soon it is unable to sustain the requisite levels. The blood cells stop getting their necessary level of glucose and start emitting certain symptoms. The following 10 symptoms can be attributed to the type 2 adult onset diabetes.
Early Symptoms of Adult Onset Diabetes
Towering Blood Sugar Level
One of the best signs of diabetes is a high blood sugar index. If you want to spot type 2 diabetes in its early stages then you should regularly keep a tab on your blood sugar level. Diabetes Mellitus drastically induces blood sugar level due to the lack of insulin. However, if the level remains slightly higher than normal, then you can prevent type 2 diabetes through proper exercise and a steady diet.
Typical Urge for Constant Urination
Adults who have developed the Type 2 diabetes may face frequent urge of using the washroom for urinating. This happens because your urinary bladder remains full, thanks to the excessive amount of glucose in your blood caused by insulin deficiency. The kidney fails to segregate the glucose back to the blood stream.
It hence starts drawing surplus amount of water from the blood to dilute the concentrated levels of glucose. Therefore, if you notice that you are rushing to the washroom every minute of the day, it is recommended that you have your blood tested for glucose.
Acute Dehydration goes hand in hand with frequent urination. As your body cannot produce the sufficient amount of insulin, the high glucose level in the blood causes more absorption of water.
As more water is absorbed for diluting the glucose, the body automatically becomes dehydrated. It needs more fluids for balancing the heavy loss of water. This makes you thirsty and parched, increasing the desire to consume more and more liquids.
This is a very blatant symptom of type 2 diabetes. Inexplicable weight loss is caused due to the breakdown of muscle tissues and fat in the body. When the pancreas stops producing sufficient amount of insulin, the body cells becomes devoid of energy as they fail to receive glucose. It becomes imperative for the body to look for an alternate source of energy, which they receive through tissues and fats. Hence, the body loses weight even without exercising.
You will feel more hungry if you have diabetes mellitus. This occurs because of the pancreas, initially producing excess amount of insulin for maintaining blood sugar level. This in turn cripples your body’s capability to turn food into energy. The body becomes unable to break down food and absorb glucose and calories. The body desperately looks for alternate sources of energy. This increases the urge to consume more and more food.
Weakness and Fatigue
The insufficiency of glucose in cells creates tiredness, fatigue and weakness. Glucose is the primary fuel for cells to function properly. As we eat, glucose from food is broken down and diverted into the body cells through cell wall, with the help of insulin.
As the cells become resistant towards insulin, it stops obtaining glucose. For surviving, the cells start breaking down the muscle tissues and fat for generating energy. However, tissues and fat cannot impart energy for long and that reduces cell functions making you feel fatigued and weary.
The Type 2 diabetes may often reduce your immunity, making you more prone towards bacterial infections. The body takes more time to heal from infections and sometimes become unresponsive to minor cuts and bruises. The White Blood Cells that have the sole prerogative to fortify your body against infections, become immobile due to high blood sugar level. This makes the body vulnerable for infections arising from dead tissues and dead cells that are locked inside the body.
These surplus level of dead elements reduce the body’s basic property of fighting infections and diseases. Worse, bacteria living inside the dead cells can lead to various other diseases such as yeast, skin infections and complications in urinary tract. Sores and eruptions become tougher to handle as a diabetic body takes longer period to fully recover from them.
Having Prickly or Apathetic Hands and Limbs
Diabetes Mellitus may have a pathological effect upon your nervous system, creating tingling or numbness of your hands and limbs. As the blood sugar level goes down, the nervous system comes under attack and in extreme cases it becomes unresponsive.
This is followed by numbness or prickly feeling on your palm or feet. However, this symptom takes time to develop. It is an indicator of diabetes only in cases of prolonged unawareness of the disease, i.e., where it took years for diagnosis.
Blurry Vision and Itchy Skin
Low glucose in blood can create other symptoms as well. Indistinct or blurry vision is one of them. But, blurry vision have loads of reasons other than diabetes. However, even after proper check up or upgrading spectacles from the optician, the blurry vision persists, then you might consider consulting a doctor. Skin also becomes itchy in case of diabetes.
The blood becomes poor, resulting in infrequent flow. Extra glucose in blood can create yellow pea like lumps with a red halo. This condition is known as eruptive xanthomatosis and may cause extreme itching. The skin can also go dry due to diabetes, which you can prevent by using a standard skin lotion.
Hence, these are the most important symptoms of the type 2 diabetes. Go for a blood test if you notice that three or more of these symptoms are persisting. Otherwise, pay a visit to your physician and get an informed report of any traces of diabetes.